eastern airlines vol 401

The plane was a … The Hammersmith Nude Murders: Who Was Jack The Stripper? It crashed on the ground within 4 minutes. Incongruously, not far from the roofless fuselage center section with the inner portion of the starboard wing still attached, lay a large, undamaged and fully inflated rubber dinghy, one of a number carried on the TriStar in the event of an emergency water landing. [4] Despite their own injuries, the surviving flight attendants were credited with helping other survivors and several quick-thinking actions such as warning survivors of the danger of striking matches due to jet fuel in the swamp water[9] and singing Christmas carols to keep up hope and draw the rescue teams' attention, as flashlights were not part of the standard equipment on commercial airliners at the time. [5]:3, The flight was routine until 23:32, when the plane began its approach into Miami International Airport. The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) investigation later discovered that the crash happened due to a burned-out light bulb. [14], Over the following months and years, rumors began circulating that employees of Eastern Air Lines were reporting sightings of the dead crew members, captain Robert Loft and second officer (flight engineer) Donald Repo, sitting on board other L-1011 (N318EA) flights. So I decided to ask around to some of the older Floridians. The stranger said, “You don’t need to worry about the pre-flight.” Then the man simply vanished. [6]:107–108 Donadeo, the lone survivor of the four flight-deck occupants, recovered from his injuries. Sightings of the spirits of Don Repo and Robert Loft spread throughout Eastern Air Lines to the point where Eastern’s management warned employees that they could face dismissal if caught spreading ghost stories. Eastern Air Lines Flight 401 was a scheduled flight from New York to Miami.Shortly before midnight on December 29, 1972, the Lockheed L-1011-1 Tristar crashed into the Florida Everglades, causing 101 fatalities. Next week: Who was the first sitting president to visit Florida? He had logged 280 hours in the L-1011. There were 75 survivors. The passengers enjoyed a routine flight until 11:32 PM when the flight was near its destination in Florida and the crew were preparing for landing. The Lockheed L-1011 crashed into the Florida Everglades. Chapter 2 - Crash. [21] A TV movie The Ghost of Flight 401, was aired in February 1978. Frank Borman, prior to becoming CEO of Eastern Airlines, arrived at the crash scene and helped to rescue the flight passengers. Skeptic Brian Dunning claims that the origin for the ghost sightings was a joke made by an Eastern Air Lines captain after an emergency landing in which he quipped that he "thought [Don] Repo’s ghost was on the plane."[22][24]. Repo was dead. The pilots and the flight engineer, two of 10 flight attendants, and 96 of 163 passengers died. Investigators later determined that while the crew was distracted with a front landing gear, the Lockheed L-1011-1 Tristar quietly coasted to its destruction. Captain Loft had been with the airline for 32 years and had accumulated a total of 29,700 flight hours throughout his flying career. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Then, it dropped 100 ft (30 m), and then again flew level for two more minutes, after which it began a descent so gradual it could not be perceived by the crew. Photo was taken earlier while on the ground in Miami. On his 1979 album Three Hearts, musician Bob Welch also recorded a song titled "The Ghost of Flight 401". From this point on, the breakup of the fuselage became more extensive, scattering metal fragments, cabin fittings, and passenger seats widely. You got the first one right. Fuller recounts stories of paranormal events aboard other Eastern aircraft, and the belief that these were caused by equipment salvaged from the wreckage of Flight 401. [5]:22[6]:109, The final NTSB report cited the cause of the crash as pilot error, specifically: "the failure of the flight crew to monitor the flight instruments during the final four minutes of flight, and to detect an unexpected descent soon enough to prevent impact with the ground. The 52-year-old flight engineer was one of 101 people who’d died Dec. 29, 1972 when Eastern Flight 401, packed with holiday travelers, slammed into the Everglades 19 miles northwest of Miami International Airport. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Crash. Based on the book, it dramatized the crash, rescue efforts, and NTSB investigation. “I Was Born For Rape” ― Pedophile Josef Fritzl And His Forlorn Daughter Elisabeth Fritzl, The World’s Most Sick And Twisted Criminals Who Were Allowed To Go Free, The Killing Of Timothy McLean: One Of The Most Horrifying Murders Ever Committed. The other 101 people on Eastern Airlines Flight 401 died quite horribly — 98 in the Everglades where the airplane crashed, three later in hospitals. Submit your questions, comments or memories to FloridaTime@Gatehousemedia.com. Both pilots and the flight engineer died, along with 2 out of 10 flight attendants and 96 of the 163 passengers on board. Eastern Air Lines Flight 401 was a scheduled flight from New York to Miami. We use cookies on our website to give you the most relevant experience by remembering your preferences and repeat visits. By clicking “Accept”, you consent to the use of ALL the cookies. [5]:4 For the next 80 seconds, the plane maintained level flight. 1 engine and the port main undercarriage. Official Eastern Air Lines Flight 401 - History, Photos, Survivors and Tribute. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. The crash was documented in Rob and Sarah Elder's 1977 book Crash. "[5]:23–24, In response to the accident, many airlines started crew resource management training for their pilots. [5]:23 Investigators believe this was due to the crew being distracted by the nose gear light, and because the flight engineer was not in his seat when it sounded, so would not have been able to hear it. On the floor was a pair of plastic Eastern Airlines wings. Therefore, the crash was due to the pilot-error. [10], Most of the dead were passengers in the aircraft's midsection. [5]:6[a], The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) investigation discovered that the autopilot had been inadvertently switched from altitude hold to control wheel steering (CWS) mode in pitch. However, it also complicated the survivors' recuperation, as organisms in the swamp caused infection, with the potential for gas gangrene. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. [6]:98, Flight 401 departed JFK Airport in New York on Friday, December 29, 1972, at 21:20 EST, with 163 passengers and 13 crew members on board. Eight passengers became infected; doctors used hyperbaric chambers to treat the infections. [6]:102,108 Stockstill was killed on impact, while Captain Loft died in the wreckage of the flight deck before he could be transported to a hospital. Eastern Air Lines Flight 401 was a Lockheed L-1011 Tristar 1 jet that crashed into the Florida Everglades on the night of December 29, 1972, causing 101 fatalities (77 initial crash survivors, two died shortly afterward). Shortly before midnight on December 29, 1972. The slight forward pressure on the stick would have caused the aircraft to enter a slow descent, maintained by the CWS system. [5]:6[5]:16[9] However, the NTSB concluded that the captain's tumor did not contribute to the accident. Include your full name and hometown. Readers: Here’s another story in honor of Halloween. It was also featured in Smithsonian Television’s Air Disasters season 14, episode 9, "Deadly Disturbance", which aired March 21, 2020. Jay Repo said his father came to him even on his own wedding night. No complete cross-section of the passenger cabin remained, and both the port wing and tailplane were demolished to fragments. A flight engineer on an Eastern Airlines flight from Atlanta to Miami was surprised to find a uniformed crew member already sitting at his seat. Visually, since it was nighttime and the aircraft was flying over the darkened terrain of the Everglades, no ground lights or other visual signs indicated the TriStar was slowly descending. Marquis received burns to his face, arms, and legs—a result of spilled jet fuel from the crashed TriStar—but continued shuttling people in and out of the crash site that night and the next day. Flashlights are now standard equipment near jumpseats, and all jumpseats are outfitted with shoulder harnesses. Learn how and when to remove this template message, intentional infliction of emotional distress, List of accidents and incidents involving commercial aircraft, "Airliner carrying 167 crashes in Everglades", "Giant jetliner goes down in 'gator infested swamp", "Eastern Airlines, Inc. L-1011, N310EA, Miami, Florida, December 29, 1972", "Robert "Bud" Marquis's Obituary on San Francisco Chronicle", PART TWO: THE CRASH "It felt like a wild rollercoaster ride...", "A Lesson on the Importance of Crew Resource Management", "Lessons Learnt from the Crash of Eastern 401", https://www.facebook.com/pages/The-Warrens-Occult-Museum/126070474135029?sk=photos_albums, "Watch Days of Fury (1979) on the Internet Archive", Eastern Flight 401 The Story of the Crash, The Crash of Eastern Air Lines Flight 401-Epilogue, ASN Aircraft accident Lockheed L-1011-385-1 TriStar 1 N310EA Everglades, FL, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eastern_Air_Lines_Flight_401&oldid=987511051, Aviation accidents and incidents in the United States in 1972, Airliner accidents and incidents in Florida, Airliner accidents and incidents involving controlled flight into terrain, Airliner accidents and incidents caused by pilot error, Eastern Air Lines accidents and incidents, Accidents and incidents involving the Lockheed L-1011, December 1972 events in the United States, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 November 2020, at 14:45. [19] Pieces of Flight 401's wreckage can also be found in Ed and Lorraine Warren's Occult Museum in Monroe, Connecticut.[20]. I mmediately after takeoff, Warren Terry, the deadheading pilot who occupied one of the jump seats in the cockpit, moved to an empty seat in first class. Thus, the switching to CWS in channel A possibly did not occur in channel B, thus depriving the first officer of any indication the mode had changed (channel A provides the captain's instruments with data, while channel B provides the first officer's).[5]:13. Television and books told the stories of the Flight 401 Ghosts. [9] All the survivors were injured; 60 received serious injuries and 17 suffered minor injuries that did not require hospitalization. The pilots cycled the landing gear, but still failed to get the confirmation light and they crashed abruptly. It is said that Don Repo would appear only to warn of mechanical or other problems that needed to be checked. Investigators concluded the plane’s lower altitude by saying, the crew was distracted by the nose gear light, and because the flight engineer was not in his seat when the lower altitude warning sounded, so would not have been able to hear it. By this time, Frank Borman was the CEO of Eastern Airlines who called the stories a ‘haunting garbage’ and considered suing the producers of the 1978 made-for-TV movie The Ghost of Flight 401 for tarnishing Eastern Airlines’ reputation. The following conversation was recovered from the flight voice recorder later: Less than 10 seconds after this exchange, the jetliner crashed: The location was west-northwest of Miami, 18.7 mi (30.1 km) from the end of runway 9L. Captain Robert Loft and Second Officer Donald Repo survived the crash, shortly. And he argued there were too many stories, with too many specifics, for this to all be legend. It was theorized they appeared to warn of impending problems, in an effort to assuage their guilt over their fatal mistake. The pilots and the flight engineer, two of 10 flight attendants, and 96 of 163 passengers died; 75 passengers and crew survived. Repo was evacuated to a hospital, but later succumbed to his injuries. An original floor board from Flight 401 remains in the archives at History Miami in South Florida. Captain Loft was found during the autopsy to have an undetected brain tumor, in an area that controls vision. They failed to notice that the autopilot had inadvertently been disconnected, and as a result, the aircraft gradually lost altitude and crashed. “There was never anything to it,” Jim Ashlock, who ran public relations for Eastern from 1966 until it folded in 1991, told me in 1997. The pilots and the flight engineer, two of 10 flight attendants, and 96 of 163 passengers died. [16], While Eastern Air Lines publicly denied their planes were haunted, they reportedly removed all the salvaged parts from their L-1011 fleet. [6]:110 Visually, since it was nighttime and the aircraft was flying over the darkened terrain of the Everglades, no ground lights or other visual signs indicated the TriStar was slowly descending. The breakup of the fuselage had freed it from its stowage and activated its inflation mechanism. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. [5]:3, The cockpit crew removed the light assembly,[6]:102 and Second Officer Repo was dispatched to the avionics bay beneath the flight deck to confirm via a small porthole if the landing gear was indeed down. [5]:4 Fifty seconds after reaching their assigned altitude, Captain Loft instructed First Officer Stockstill to put the L-1011 on autopilot. Source: Google Sites. Parts of the aircraft that had crashed operating Flight 401 were salvaged after the crash investigation and refitted into other L-1011s. An original floorboard from Flight 401 remains in the archives at History Miami in South Florida. The Crash of Eastern Airlines Flight 401 The story of the first jumbo jet crash as told by survivors and rescue workers. Over time, the reporting of ghost sightings stopped. Eastern Air Lines Flight 401 departed New York for Miami on December 29, 1972. Only 75 passengers and crew survived. Then came scattered parts from the No. These crackers came in wooden barrels. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Only small fragments of metal marked the wingtip's first contact, followed 49 ft (15 m) further on by three massive 115 ft (35 m) swaths cut through the mud and sawgrass by the aircraft's extended undercarriage before two of the legs were sheared off. [4], Eastern Air Lines Flight 401 was a regularly scheduled flight from John F. Kennedy International Airport in Queens, New York, to Miami International Airport in Miami, Florida. He accompanied 3 survivors on the helicopter to the hospital including a flight attendant and passenger who lost her baby in the crash. Pieces of Flight 401’s wreckage can also be found in Ed and Lorraine Warren’s Occult Museum in Monroe, Connecticut. Flight 401 was under the command of Captain Robert Albin Loft, 55, a veteran Eastern Airline pilot. It was Don Repo. His flight crew included the First Officer Albert Stockstill, 39, and the Second Officer cum flight engineer, Donald Repo, 51. [5]:5 The plane was traveling at 227 miles per hour (197 kn; 365 km/h) when it hit the ground. But the rumours of the flight haunting had already spread far and wide. [5]:3, Loft, who was working the radio during this leg of the flight, told the tower that they would discontinue their approach to their airport and requested to enter a holding pattern. Eastern Air Lines Flight 401 was a scheduled flight from New York to Miami. [23], According to Robert J. Serling's 1980 book From the Captain to the Colonel: An Informal History of Eastern Airlines, the claim that wreckage from Flight 401 was installed and later removed from other Eastern aircraft was false, and no Eastern employees had ever claimed to have seen or believed in the alleged ghost sightings. Right after this event, a new turn comes as a consequence. The engineer had recognized the stranger. Jay Repo believed. Of the cockpit crew, only flight engineer Repo survived the initial crash, along with technical officer Donadeo, who was down in the nose electronics bay with Repo at the moment of impact. On Dec. 29, 1972, Eastern Flight 401 from New York to Miami took off from JFK Airport at 9:20 pm. Author John Fuller collected the tales in his 1976 book, “The Ghost of Flight 401,” later made into a 1978 TV film. Of the 176 people on board, 101 lost their lives in the tragedy. Pilots of Eastern Airline Flight 401 Don Repo and Bob Loft. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. These “Crackers” said there were two explanations and nobody knew if one was correct or if it was a combination thereof that led to the use of that term. This was the first fatal crash of a wide-body aircraft. [15][18] The reported hauntings were said to only be seen on the planes that used the spare parts. The story of the crash and its aftermath was documented in John G. Fuller's 1976 book The Ghost of Flight 401. At 820 ft (250 m) along the wreckage trail, the outer section of the starboard wing tore off, gouging a 59-foot-long (18 m) crater in the soft ground as it did so. It was the Lockheed L-1011-1 Tristar model which, on December 29, 1972, left New York’s John F. Kennedy airport and crashed into the Florida Everglades, causing 101 fatalities. Enter your email address below to subscribe to our newsletter. Upon inquiring, my mother who was a teacher gave her usual reply, “look it up.” Of course, the World Book Encyclopedia did not have any reference thereto. In the year that followed, stories swirled that flight crews, attendants and passengers swore to several sightings of Repo and, briefly, Captain Bob Loft, on Eastern planes. At the time, it was the nation’s deadliest single-plane accident. [5]:4 This altitude alert, designed to warn the pilots of an inadvertent deviation from the selected altitude, went unnoticed by the crew. To get daily short stories, history bites and mystery updates, like us on, The Riddle Of The Sphinx: An Unsolved Ancient Mystery, Kodinhi – The Unsolved Mystery Of The Twin Town Of India, Bathsheba Sherman And The Evil Doll Annabelle: The True Story Behind ‘The Conjuring’. The crash occurred while the entire cockpit crew was preoccupied with a burnt-out landing gear indicator light. Réservation de vols internationaux et nationaux, vol direct entre Shanghai et Londres, achat de billets en ligne, service 24 heures sur 24 et 7 jours sur 7, zone française, site officiel de China Eastern Airlines [4] It was also the first hull loss and first fatal crash of a Lockheed L-1011 TriStar. Preoccupation with a malfunction of the nose landing gear position indicating system distracted the crew's attention from the instruments and allowed the descent to go unnoticed. These cookies do not store any personal information. 20 Strangest Facts About Dreams That You Never Heard Of, The Unsolved 1987 Slaying Of Dardeen Family Still Haunts Illinois, The Strange Death Of Gloria Ramirez, The Toxic Lady Of Riverside. He immediately drove to Eastern’s miami offices and decided to charter a helicopter to the crash site as the swampy terrain made rescue difficult and Eastern had not heard any news of progress in rescue efforts. The flight departed JFK Airport on Friday, December 29, 1972, at 9:20 PM, with 163 passengers and a total of 13 crew members on board. [25] The TV movie Crash was aired in October 1978. He told me in 1997 there were too many coincidences. Within three months of the crash, Fuller claimed, the sightings began (always) on L-1011s. The fact that the tail assembly—rear fuselage, No. [22] Loft's widow and children did sue Fuller, for infringement of Loft's right of publicity, for invasion of privacy, and for intentional infliction of emotional distress, but the lawsuit was dismissed and the dismissal upheld by the Florida Fourth District Court of Appeal. Hello Kitty Murder: Fan Man-yee Was Abducted, Raped And Tortured For A Month Before She Died! Fourteen survivors had various degrees of burns. The approach controller cleared the flight to climb to 2,000 ft (610 m), and then hold west over the Everglades. 2 engine continuing to deliver thrust during the actual breakup of the aircraft. [5]:4 In the next 70 seconds, the plane lost only 250 ft (76 m), but this was enough to trigger the altitude warning C-chord chime located under the engineer's workstation. The second explanation was that back in the early days, it was very common for the country stores in small Florida towns to stock and sell soda crackers. The pilots and the flight engineer, two of 10 flight attendants, and 96 of 163 passengers died; 75 passengers and crew survived. Eastern Air Lines Flight 401 was a scheduled flight from New York JFK to Miami. As Stockstill started another turn, onto 180°, he noticed the discrepancy. From a reader: As a 75-year-old born and raised Floridian from a multigenerational Florida family (we are direct descendants of Domingo Acosta who came to Florida in the late 1700s), I would suggest to Mr. Kleinberg that there is a debated theory of the origin of the term “Florida Cracker.” Growing up, we were very familiar with the term and I can remember wondering where it originated. Read more Florida history: Here are Florida’s top 25 stories of all time. [5]:4 The engineer (Repo) had gone below, and no indication was heard of the pilots' voices recorded on the CVR that they heard the chime. He swore witnesses told him directly. Stockstill died instantly in the impact as the plane crashed into the swampy Florida Everglades. After lowering the gear, First Officer Stockstill noticed that the landing gear indicator, a green light identifying that the nose gear is properly locked in the "down" position, had not illuminated. Officer Repo died the next day at the hospital. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. 1 (port) engine, and fragments from the port wing itself and the port tailplane. Employees would not come forward for fear they’d be sent to the nuthouse. With the aircraft in mid-turn, the left wingtip hit the surface first, then the left engine and the left landing gear,[5]:8 making three trails through the sawgrass, each 5 ft (1.5 m) wide and over 100 ft (30 m) long. The pilot, Bob Loft (on the left), and flight engineer Don Repo (on the right), were two of the 101 people who perished in the air crash. [6]:108 The most common injuries were fractures of ribs, spines, pelvises, and lower extremities. While Eastern Airlines publicly denied some of their planes were haunted, they reportedly removed all the salvaged parts from their L-1011 fleet. 20 Chilling Unsolved Mysteries That Will Leave You Scared! The gentlemen, sitting on these barrels became known as “Crackers.”. His flight crew included First Officer Albert John (Bert) Stockstill, 39, who had 5,800 hours of flying experience (with 306 of them in the L-1011), and Second Officer (flight engineer) Donald Louis (Don) Repo, 51, who had 15,700 hours of flying experience, with 53 of them in the L-1011. [6]:110, Investigation into the aircraft's autopilot showed that the force required to switch to CWS mode was different between the A and B channels (15 vs. 20 lbf or 6.8 vs. 9.1 kgf, respectively). Sorry; no personal replies. On December of 1972, an Eastern Airlines Tri-Star jetliner, Flight 401, crashed into a Florida swamp. Eastern Air Lines CEO (and former Apollo astronaut) Frank Borman called the ghost stories surrounding the crash "garbage". After the barrels were empty, the store would put them outside for folks to sit on. N310EA, the aircraft involved in the accident. Investigators believe the autopilot switched modes when the captain accidentally leaned against the yoke while turning to speak to the flight engineer, who was sitting behind and to the right of him. About 490 feet (150 m) from the wingtip's initial contact with the ground, the massive fuselage had begun to break up, scattering components from the underfloor galley, the cargo compartments, and the cabin interior. [11] The swamp absorbed much of the energy of the crash, lessening the impact on the aircraft. After descending 250 feet (76 m) from the selected altitude of 2,000 feet (610 m), a C-chord sounded from the rear speaker. It is said that this is the reason Loft and Repo haunted Flight 401 – to keep future flights safe from human error. [5]:3 This was later discovered to be due to a burned-out light bulb. Here are Florida’s top 25 stories of all time, Get caught up on the stories you’ve missed, Your California Privacy Rights/Privacy Policy. In another 50 seconds, the plane was at half its assigned altitude.[5]:5. When the main part of the fuselage hit the ground, it continued to move through the grass and water, breaking up as it went. They rushed to rescue survivors. Il volo Eastern Air Lines 401 era un volo di linea della Eastern Air Lines tra New York e Miami.Il 29 dicembre 1972 il Lockheed L-1011 TriStar che operava il volo è precipitato mentre eseguiva un avvicinamento di routine all'Aeroporto Internazionale di Miami, uccidendo 5 dei 13 membri dell'equipaggio e 94 dei 163 passeggeri (due sopravvissuti morirono in ospedale a causa delle ferite riportate). [6], The flight was under the command of Captain Robert Albin (Bob) Loft, age 55, a veteran pilot ranked 50th in seniority at Eastern. Frank Borman, a former NASA astronaut and Eastern's senior vice president of operations, was awoken at home by a phone call explaining of a probable crash. The 52-year-old flight engineer was one of 101 people who’d died Dec. 29, 1972 when Eastern Flight 401, packed with holiday travelers, slammed into the Everglades 19 … © 2020 M Y S T E R I E S R U N S O L V E D | ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The NTSB classified the injuries of one nonrevenue passenger and one other passenger as nonfatal, as their deaths occurred more than seven days after the accident. [5]:27–29, A company employee—technical officer Angelo Donadeo, 47, returning to Miami from an assignment in New York—accompanied the flight crew for the journey, but was officially an off-duty, "nonrevenue passenger".

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